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青海: 光伏发电带来稳定收益
发布时间:2018-12-03 来源:经济日报

????近年来,一批大型光伏电站在青海省海南藏族自治州共和县落地生根,不仅有效支撑了青海省的扶贫工作,还形成了一套青海光伏扶贫的特色模式,收效明显。为解决光伏电站建设用地落?#30340;?#38382;题,目前,当地根据土地资源状况,正在考虑通过“飞地模式”实现光伏跨区域扶贫

????“贫困人口分布呈小集聚、大分散的特点,主要致贫因素中,因病、因?#23567;?#32570;?#22303;Α?#32570;技能的占55.4%。这部分贫困人口需要长期稳定的资产收益;贫困村无集体经济收入的占贫困村总数95%以上。”青海省扶贫开发局援青办主任魏伯平表示,从多年的扶贫实践看,产业培育难问题是制约青海省扶贫产业发展的主要瓶颈。

????与此同时,青海境内光照资源丰富,全省日照6小时以上的天数在250天至325天,平均年日照可利用时间达1600小时,荒山荒坡、沙漠化区域面积大,实施光伏扶贫的条件十分有利。

????青海省扶贫开发投资有限责任公?#22659;?#25285;着全省光伏扶?#26029;?#30446;管理工作,该公司董事长张宏成?#25285;骸?#20809;伏扶贫是一种精准扶贫方式,投入少、回报稳定、可?#20013;?#21487;维持25年甚至30年以上的稳定发电,特别适宜帮扶失能、弱能贫困户,尤其适合青海的扶?#26029;?#29366;。自2015年至今,青海省光伏扶?#26029;?#30446;在役、在建装机容量为721.6兆瓦,光伏扶贫产业直接或间接带动贫困户已达到7.64万户32万人。”

????光伏扶贫不仅有效支撑了青海省的扶贫工作,还形成了一套青海光伏扶贫的特色模式。这种模式具有3个特点:一是创新投融资开发模式,海?#29616;?00兆瓦集中式光伏扶贫电站就是借助社会资本力?#30475;?#24314;的具有青海特色的商业光伏电站扶贫新模式;二是积极引进国家光伏“领跑者”最新标准,进一步提高光伏电?#23616;柿考?#32463;济效益,保障了收益长期稳定;三是打造了光伏扶贫大数据平台。

????今年6月份,青海省最大的集中式光伏扶?#26029;?#30446;海?#29616;?#20809;伏园区100兆瓦光伏扶?#26029;?#30446;实现并网发电。在扶贫收益分配上,通过两次分配,每年将有2500万元的分配?#24335;?#21487;用于扶贫,投入与分配的收益率可达44.64%。该电站作为村级光伏电站的补充,重点向全省深度贫困地区及无(弱)劳动能力的贫困户倾斜。

????据记者了解,该项目全部采用隆基乐叶光伏科技有限公司提供的305瓦单晶PERC组件,转换效率在18.5%以上,各项指标均满足第三批领跑者标准。隆基乐叶光伏科技有限公司副总裁唐旭辉表示:“只有提高转换效率,提高收益,才能保证扶贫收益。”

????不过,?#24179;?#20809;伏扶贫也面临着诸多困境。魏伯平?#25285;?#38738;海省43%的贫困人口在非贫困村,但第一批村级光伏扶贫指标涵盖的只有1622个贫困村,还有一半的贫困人口没有享受到光伏扶贫的红利。

????此外,用地落?#30340;?#20173;是村级光伏电站建设亟待解决的主要问题。按照国家《光伏扶贫电站管理办法》,村级电站原则上应建在建档立卡贫困村,村级联建电站外送线路电压等级不超过10千伏,建设规模不超过6000千瓦,这给青海省光伏扶贫带来了实际困难。“青海地域辽阔,地区差异大,东部干旱山区山大沟深,人口密集,人均可利用土地面积十分有限;青南地区生态脆弱,居住分散,不宜接入大容?#30475;?#32423;光伏电站。”张宏成表示,海南、海西地区地势平?#28023;?#33618;漠化土地多,接入送出便利,在不改变村级电站性?#30465;?#20445;障固定资产确权到县到村及贫困村贫困户收益的前提下,通过“飞地模式?#20445;?#36328;区域扶贫,能很好地解决此问题。(记者王轶辰)

4887王中王鉄算盘四肖中特
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